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Electric organ definition, (in certain fishes) an organ composed of electroplaques. So-called ... rays, such as the torpedo ray (Figure 1). They serve to … 0, Eye. The ray can reach a total length of 140 cm and a weight of 41 kg. The electric ray uses its shock to keep predators away and to capture fish that would ordinarily be too fast for the slow-moving ray. The Classic B combined with a Leslie cabinet is certainly one of the most well-known and widely recognized electric keyboard sounds. [PMC free article] []ALTAMIRANO M, COATES CW, GRUNDFEST H. Mechanisms of direct and neural excitability in electroplaques of electric eel. Medical dictionary. Gallant et al. in the electric ray and electric eel. Muscles in different parts of the body may be modified, i.e., the trunk and tail in the electric eel, the hyobranchial apparatus in the electric ray, and extrinsic eye muscles in the stargazers. Other strongly electric fish are found in Quick guides In other species, the electric organ waveform consists of brief pulses separated by longer gaps; these fish In addition to stunning potential prey and dissuading prospective predators, the electric organs of electric rays may also be used to detect prey and to communicate with each other. Several years later, Robin (1865) provided a more detailed account of the structure of the electric organ of skates, and described the organization of the peripheral nervous system of the tail, including the innervation of the electric organ. How do electric eels shock? a signal such as a long lasting monophasic pulse. The torpedo, or electric ray, and the electric eel have especially powerful electric organs, which they apparently use to immobilize or kill prey.. Although closely related to the large piscivorous torpedo rays, it differs in size, habitat, and prey. Blotting of subcellular fractions derived from electric ray electric organ revealed that the GTP-binding protein co-purifies with synaptic vesicles. The neural specific expression and the localization to synaptic vesicles suggest a role of this protein in synaptic vesicle trafficking and targeting. What are synonyms for electric organ? The electric ray (Torpedo species) has many shorter columns with 1,000 electrocytes per column, since the ray prioritizes increasing the current over voltage. Because the whole organ … The lesser electric ray, Narcine brasiliensis, is a small, demersal ray capable of generating electricity through its main and accessory electric organs.Although closely related to the large piscivorous torpedo rays, it differs in size, habitat, and prey. In biology, the electric organ is an organ common to all electric fish used for the purposes of creating an electric field. Powerful electric organs emit pulses in brief bursts several times a second. An electric ray (torpedo) showing location of electric organ and electrocytes stacked within it. In order to understand more completely the architecture of the EO and the branchial organ, it is necessary to examine detailed relationships regarding the origin, course and distribution of nerves innervating … analyzed the genome of the electric eel and the genes expressed in two other distantly related electric fish. This shock can vary between 8 volts and 220 volts, depending on the species. Originally designed for churches as an alternative to pipe organs, this legendary organ gradually became a standard in jazz, blues, rock and gospel music. The power of electric organ varies from species to species. The lesser electric ray, Narcine brasiliensis, is a small, demersal ray capable of generating electricity through its main and accessory electric organs. Powerful electric organs emit pulses in brief bursts several times a second. The basic discharge rate of a resting mormyrid is somewhat variable and not strictly … A large torpedo ray may have half a million plates. Based on these differences, we hypothesized that the main electric organs … Vangoa Electric Piano Keyboard 61 Lighted Mini Key Music Keyboard for Beginner with Microphone, 3 Teaching Mode, 350 Tones, 350 Rhythm, 30 Demo Songs, White 4.3 out of 5 stars 165 £75.89 £ 75 . Muscles in different parts of the body may be modified, i.e., the trunk and tail in the electric eel, the hyobranchial apparatus in the electric ray, and extrinsic eye muscles in the stargazers. Some electric fish species can produce strong current (100 to 800 volts), especially electric eel and some torpedo electric rays are ... electric ray - electroplaque - spinet. 3 synonyms for electric organ: electronic organ, Hammond organ, organ. 7. The electric discharge from this organ is used for navigation, communication, and defense and also for capturing prey [2]. It has to rest before it can shock again. There are 69 species of electric ray in four families. Then, the ray will guide the food with its pectoral fins to its mouth, which is located under its body. Electric fish have independently evolved electric organs that help them to communicate, navigate, hunt, and defend themselves. One of her clearest memories is of when "King George and Queen Mary and the four princes came to Cardiff. Synonyms for electric organ in Free Thesaurus. The same genes were recruited within the different species to make … Other electric fish include the electric ray, or torpedo; a freshwater electric catfish with a jellylike subcutaneous electric organ (probably of epidermal origin) that extends over the whole body; and various species of stargazer. Muscles in different parts of the body may be modified, i.e., the trunk and tail in the electric eel, the hyobranchial apparatus in the electric ray, and … (Instruments) music a. a pipe organ operated by electrical means b. another name for electronic organ 2. A large torpedo ray may have half a million plates. Electric rays (order Torpediniformes) are fish that have rounded bodes and a pair of organs capable of producing an electric discharge. It is suggested that plesiomorphic electric organ discharges (EODs) possessed a frequency spectrum that fully transgressed the tuning curve of ampullary receptors, i.e. ... (500 Volts or more). A typical electric organ of myogenic origin consists of several stacks of orderly arranged, flattened cells with each cell innervated separately by a spinal electromotor neuron. dedicated electric organ, which is made up of modified nerve or muscle cells called electrocytes. Purification of both enzymes included chromatography on concanavalin A … The lesser electric ray can be distinguished from other electric rays by its moderately long snout and a preorbital length of 11% to 13% of the total length (TL). Visit the English Only Forum. Powerful electric organs emit pulses in brief bursts several times a second. electric organ n 1. Complex EOD waveforms appeared as a derived condition among electric fish. Definition of electric organ in the Definitions.net dictionary. 1953 Feb 27; 119 (2-3):315–351. Powerful electric organs emit pulses in brief bursts several times a second. Electric organ (biology) synonyms, Electric organ (biology) pronunciation, Electric organ (biology) translation, English dictionary definition of Electric organ (biology). (Zoology) zoology a small group of modified muscle cells on the body of certain fishes, such as the electric eel, that gives an electric shock to any animal touching them Collins English Dictionary – Complete … Download this stock image: Electric ray, torpedo: Electric Organ - CC6PN8 from Alamy's library of millions of high resolution stock photos, illustrations and vectors. Muscles in different parts of the body may be modified, i.e., the trunk and tail in the electric eel, the hyobranchial apparatus in the electric ray, and extrinsic eye muscles in the stargazers. A large torpedo ray may have half a million plates. All Free. As for the Empire Cinema, of which I will be writing more later, she says: "We loved the Empre Cinema with its electric organ that rose from the floor and kept changing colours.'' What does electric organ mean? KEYNES RD, MARTINS-FERREIRA H. Membrane potentials in the electroplates of the electric eel. See more. e, Electric Organ. Forum discussions with the word(s) "electric organ" in the title: No titles with the word(s) "electric organ". Meaning of electric organ. electric ray n any of various round-bodied short-tailed rays (family Torpedinidae) of warm seas that have a pair of specialized tracts of tissue in which electricity is generated. 89 This type of discharge is found in all the examined species of the Mormyridae and in such forms as Gymnotus carapo and Staetogenes elegans. The lesser electric ray has a short body consisting of a round body and a short tail The gill slits are relatively small. Antonyms for electric organ. plausible that they may be regarded as Voltaic piles, or a reservoir of electric power which the fish can discharge at will. Branchiae, c, Brain. A large torpedo ray may have half a million plates. The electric organ is derived from modified nerve or muscle tissue. electric organ - WordReference English dictionary, questions, discussion and forums. The electric eel has three pairs of electric organs; they constitute most of the mass of the … In more than 200 fish species, the bioelectric organ is involved in self-defense or hunting. J Physiol. Muscles in different parts of the body may be modified, i.e., the trunk and tail in the electric eel, the hyobranchial apparatus in the electric ray, and extrinsic eye muscles in the stargazers. electric organ An organ occurring on the body or tail of certain fish, such as the electric ray (Torpedo) and electric eel (Electrophorus electricus).It gives an electric shock when touched and is used either to stun prey or predators or, in some species, to maintain a weak electric field in the surrounding water that is used in navigation. g, Cartilage of Cranium, me, Spinal Cord, n, Nerves to the Pectoral Fins, nl, Lat- eral Nerves to the Body, np, Large Nerves (Pncumogastric) to the Electric Organ. The two electric organs are capable of generating 200 volts, but, like all batteries, the electric ray can run down after repeated discharges. Soluble and membrane-bound low-Km 5'-nucleotidase was isolated from high-speed supernatants and membrane fractions derived from the electric organ of the electric ray (Torpedo marmorata) or from bovine brain cerebral cortex. 8. The individual discharge from the whole electric organ lasts about 0.2 msec, in Petrocephalus. Electric fish can either emit an electric organ discharge (EOD), in pulses, or in a wave-like (sinusoidal) manner. ... A large torpedo ray may have half a million plates. Despite anatomist's great interest in the electric organ (EO) of the electric ray, its detailed morphology remains unclear. Based on these differences, we hypothesized that the main electric organs … Vesicles suggest a role of this protein in synaptic vesicle trafficking and targeting to capture fish that have bodes! 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