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[49], Despite the on-the-ground explorations of California in the 16th century, Rodríguez's idea of California as an island persisted. [275] California school districts may be organized as elementary districts, high school districts, unified school districts combining elementary and high school grades, or community college districts.[275]. In 1953, the design and specifications for the state flag were standardized in a bill signed by Governor Earl Warren and illustrated by Donald Graeme Kelley of Marin County, California. [45][46][note 1] Sebastián Vizcaíno explored and mapped the coast of California in 1602 for New Spain, sailing as far north as Cape Mendocino. [217] The Agriculture sector accounts for two percent of the state's GDP and employs around three percent of its total workforce. California is one of the richest and most diverse parts of the world, and includes some of the most endangered ecological communities. Construction was approved by the voters during the November 2008 general election,[255] with the first phase of construction estimated to cost $64.2 billion.[256]. There are about 3,400 special districts in California. Several political movements have advocated for Californian independence. Construction and maintenance of state roads and statewide transportation planning are primarily the responsibility of the California Department of Transportation, nicknamed "Caltrans". The California Highway Patrol is the largest statewide police agency in the United States in employment with more than 10,000 employees. [114][120], The Canadian zone mammals include the mountain weasel, snowshoe hare, and several species of chipmunks. California has long had many respected collegiate sports programs. [86] As a result of these efforts, California is regarded as a world center of the entertainment and music industries, of technology, engineering, and the aerospace industry, and as the United States center of agricultural production. Still, several smaller military units within the Union army were unofficially associated with the state of California, such as the "California 100 Company", due to a majority of their members being from California. [33][37][38] In the fictional paradise, the ruler Queen Calafia fought alongside Muslims and her name may have been chosen to echo the title of a Muslim leader, the Caliph. [25][26] The San Francisco Bay Area and the Greater Los Angeles Area are widely seen as centers of the global technology and entertainment industries, respectively. In 2008, Californians passed Proposition 20 to empower a 14-member independent citizen commission to redraw districts for both local politicians and Congress. Versions of Storm's Bear Flag were raised for the first time in Sonoma, California, in June 1846 on a date between the 14th and the 17th,[17] by the men who became known as the "Bear Flaggers", including William B. [282], In 2000, California, had 2,569,340 veterans of United States military service: 504,010 served in World War II, 301,034 in the Korean War, 754,682 during the Vietnam War, and 278,003 during 1990–2000 (including the Persian Gulf War). The area became a part of Mexico in 1821 following its successful war for independence but was ceded to the United States in 1848 after the Mexican–American War. The flag has a star, a grizzly bear, and a red stripe with the words "California Republic." The rebels easily captured the capital Monterey, but were unable to convince southern leaders such as Juan Bandini and Carlos Antonio Carrillo to join the rebellion. The four major American television broadcast networks (ABC, CBS, Fox and NBC) all have production facilities and offices in the state. [224] In 2010, California residents were ranked first among the states with the best average credit score of 754. [238] Currently, several solar power plants such as the Solar Energy Generating Systems facility are located in the Mojave Desert. [156] In particular, illegal immigrants tended to be concentrated in Los Angeles, Monterey, San Benito, Imperial, and Napa Counties—the latter four of which have significant agricultural industries that depend on manual labor. As of April 2003[update], the bighorn sheep was listed as endangered by the U.S. [150][152], The state's population of undocumented immigrants has been shrinking in recent years, due to increased enforcement and decreased job opportunities for lower-skilled workers. From 1899 to 1939, California had Republican governors. They are responsible for providing any police-sanctioned service to anyone on California's state-maintained highways and on state property. The state is organized into three branches of government—the executive branch consisting of the governor[261] and the other independently elected constitutional officers; the legislative branch consisting of the Assembly and Senate;[262] and the judicial branch consisting of the Supreme Court of California and lower courts. There is a red star in the upper left corner and a grizzly bear facing left (toward the hoist) in the center, walking on a patch of green grass. [79] California however easily ranked first in production of military ships during the war (transport, cargo, [merchant ships] such as Liberty ships, Victory ships, and warships) at drydock facilities in San Diego, Los Angeles, and the San Francisco Bay Area. Enthält einen … Some larger cities have a directly-elected mayor who oversees the city government. Powell, Farran. The Sacramento-San Joaquin River Delta is a critical water supply hub for the state. The 1953 legislation defined the exact shades of the California flag with a total of five colors (including the white field) relative to the 9th edition of the Standard Color Card of America (now called the Standard Color Reference of America). The Bear Flag was given to young John E. Montgomery (son of Commander John B. Montgomery of USS Portsmouth), who would later write in a letter to his mother "Cuffy came down growling"—"Cuffy" being his nickname for the bear on the flag. Port on the LAX-SFO route independent citizen Commission to redraw districts for both local politicians and Congress [ ]... Conspicuous birds include the owl, roadrunner, cactus wren, and many types of shorebirds including! 285,000 is the most common language spoken besides English was Spanish, spoken 28.46. 235 ] from Spain Ide, [ 277 ] the most populated subnational entity North! 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