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The Central African Republic (CAR) has been unstable since its independence from France in 1960. As France, Belgium, Portugal, and (prior to 1918) Germany implement new political and economic structures to consolidate their control over Central Africa’s immense resources. [48] On 17 January, Nicolas Tiangaye was appointed Prime Minister. On 13 April 2007, a peace agreement between the government and the UFDR was signed in Birao. [93][94][95] On 24 March, rebels reached the presidential palace in the centre of the capital. 2010 May - UN Security Council votes to withdraw a UN force from Chad and the Central African Republic, deployed to protect displaced Chadians and refugees from Sudan's Darfur. In December, the African Union said it would increase the size of its force there from 3,500 troops to 6,000. 2007 May - The International Criminal Court says it is to probe war crimes allegedly committed in 2002 and 2003 following the failed coup against the Ange-Felix Patasse. Séléka rule and fall of Djotodia (2013–2014), Ex-Séléka and Anti-balaka fighting (2014–present), Zuma joins regional leaders over crisis in. The UNSC mandate probe would be led by Cameroonian lawyer Bernard Acho Muna, who was the deputy chief prosecutor for the International Criminal Tribunal for Rwanda, former Mexican Secretary of Foreign Affairs Jorge Castañeda and Mauritanian lawyer Fatimata M'Baye. [185] In September 2019, fighting between two rebel groups that signed the February 2019 deal, FPRC and the mostly Kara Movement of Central African Liberators for Justice (MLCJ), which was founded by Abakar Sabon and was not part of the Seleka alliance that overthrew Bozize,[177] killed at least 24 people and displaced about 24,000. [155] By the latter half of 2017, the fighting largely shifted to the Southeast where the UPC reorganized and were pursued by the FPRC and antibalaka with the level of violence only matched by the early stage of the war. The announcement was done by Chad's Foreign Minister Moussa Faki after a meeting in the Gabonese capital Libreville. [105] Djotodia promptly suspended the constitution and dissolved the government, as well as the National Assembly. [92] By 23 March, they entered Bangui. Kevin, a man accused of being a thief by civil servants at the Work Inspection office, lays in pain after being attacked by a man with a machete and sticks, in plain view of others, in Bangui, Central African Republic, Friday, April 18, 2014. At the same time, ECCAS deputy secretary general Guy-Pierre Garcia confirmed that the rebels and the CAR government had agreed to unconditional talks, with the goal to get to negotiations by 10 January at the latest. 2010 November - Ex-DR Congo vice-president Jean-Pierre Bemba goes on trial at International Criminal Court accused of letting his troops rape and kill in Central African Republic between 2002 and 2003. President Bozize cuts short an overseas visit. Beginning The genocide started in 2012 when the Sleleka overthrow president Bozize Jan 1, 2013. [10] Most of the fighting was in the centrally located Ouaka prefecture, which has the country's second largest city Bambari, because of its strategic location between the Muslim and Christian regions of the country and its wealth. [162] By March 2014, the UNSC had authorised a probe into possible genocide, which in turn followed International Criminal Court Chief Prosecutor Fatou Bensouda initiating a preliminary investigation into the "extreme brutality" and whether it falls into the court's remit. [96][97] The presidential palace and the rest of the capital soon fell to rebel forces and Bozizé fled to the Democratic Republic of the Congo,[28][98][99] which was followed by widespread looting in the capital. [50] Al Habib announced that, in protest of the peace agreement, the Fundamental CPJP was launching an offensive dubbed "Operation Charles Massi", in memory of the CPJP founder who was allegedly tortured and murdered by the government and that his group intended to overthrow Bozizé. [119] Self-defense militias called Antibalaka previously formed to fight crime on a local level, had organized into militias against abuses by Seleka soldiers. Séléka forces took Kabo on 19 December, a major hub for transport between Chad and CAR, located west and north of the areas previously taken by the rebels. 2017 September - The UN refugee agency says continuing violence has caused the highest level of displacement since the start of the crisis in 2013. The Central African Republic is surrounded by countries struggling to emerge from years of conflict. 1957 - MESAN wins control of the territorial assembly; Boganda becomes president of the Grand Council of French Equatorial Africa. [53][54] It claimed that it had killed two additional members of the Central African Armed Forces (FACA) in Damara, capturing military and civilian vehicles, weapons including rockets, and communications equipment, and launched unsuccessful assault on a fourth town, Grimari and promised more operations in future. [177] While both groups had previously divided the territory in the Northwest, tensions erupted after the killing of RJ leader, Clément Bélanga,[178] in November 2017. 2009 August - UN report says more than a million people have been affected by civil unrest in CAR. Amid chaos, Central African Republic's president touts Canada as partner in peace February 26, 2014 In Central African Republic, a deadly spiral of revenge picks up speed At the invitation of Christian and Muslim faith leaders in the Central African Republic, the Aegis Trust visited CAR in 2014 to meet with community leaders and Government ministers – including interim President Catherine Samba Panza – to explore ways in which lessons from Rwanda could be applied to strengthen peacebuilding and the restoration of social cohesion in the country. 2005 June onwards - Thousands flee lawlessness in north-west CAR for southern Chad. Priests and … [195] The crimes are often committed by individuals not associated with any armed rebel groups. [139] Because of increasing violence, on 10 April 2014, the UN Security Council transferred MISCA to a UN peacekeeping operation called the Multidimensional Integrated Stabilization Mission in the Central African Republic (MINUSCA) with 10,000 troops, to be deployed in September that year. 1997 November - Soldiers stage more mutinies. Disasters Main Event: South Sudan clashes 'l...: Central Africa on Google Map 1. [184], The party of former President Francois Bozize announced his return to the country in December 2019. 1958 - The territory achieves self-government within French Equatorial Africa with Boganda as prime minister. After François Bozizé seized power in 2003, the Central African Republic Bush War (2004–2007) began with the rebellion by the Union of Democratic Forces for Unity (UFDR) in North-Eastern CAR, led by Michel Djotodia. 2011 December - The charity Medecins Sans Frontieres (MSF) warns that the Central country is in a state of chronic medical emergency because of epidemic diseases, conflict, an economic downturn and a poor health system. [33] Samba-Panza was viewed as having been neutral and away from clan clashes. 2012 November - New Seleka rebel coalition rapidly overruns north and centre of country. [82] On 13 January, Bozizé signed a decree that removed Prime Minister Faustin-Archange Touadéra from power, as part of the agreement with the rebel coalition. Aid bodies appeal for help to deal with the "forgotten emergency". The Central African Republic is surrounded by countries struggling to emerge from years of conflict. On 15 February, France announced that it would send an additional 400 troops to the country. Try our corporate solution for free! [58][59][60] On 15 December, rebel forces took Bamingui, and three days later they advanced to Bria, moving closer to Bangui. The E.U. [157] Darassa rebuffed multiple attempts to reunify Seleka and threatened FPRC's hegemony. 2016 July - Kidnappings by Lords Resistance Army reportedly on increase in CAR. The fighting in Central African Republic has carried the high risk of genocide, the United Nations has warned. He traveled with support from the U.S. [34] In July 2014, ex-Séléka factions and anti-balaka representatives signed a ceasefire agreement in Brazzaville. Crisis in the Central African Republic – A Central African Republic police officer chases looters attacking a broken-down truck Friday, February 7, in the capital of Bangui. [188] Other sources report incidents of Muslims being cannibalized. The following is a timeline of events during the Central African Republic Civil War 2012. affected groups: christians. [203][204], In May 2014, it was reported that around 600,000 people in CAR were internally displaced with 160,000 of these in the capital Bangui. Current situation: the anti-balaka and seleka militants are persecuting the groups above . [157], Since 2014, there has been little government control outside of the capital. [80] Jean-Félix Akaga, the Gabonese general in charge of the MICOPAX force sent by the ECCAS, declared that Damara represented a "red line that the rebels cannot cross", and that doing so would be "a declaration of war" against the 10 members of the regional bloc. The Christian[176] militant group RJ was formed in 2013, mostly by members of the presidential guard of former President Ange Felix Patassé, and were composed mainly of ethnic Sara-Kaba. The BBC's Paul Wood in the Central African Republic reports on fears that sectarian conflict between Muslims and Christians could result in genocide. [116] A few days later, regional leaders publicly accepted Djotodia's transitional leadership, but, in a symbolic show of disapproval, stated that he would "not be called President of the Republic, but Head of State of the Transition". Brutal conflict between rebel groups in Central African Republic has left the country in a state of violent chaos since 2012. The U.N. is set to meet … VideoFighting the 'stigma' of dementia in Asian families, Kenya's black market baby trade: A mother's choice. Some observers have criticized warnings of genocide as inaccurate and/or 2012 March - African Union deploys a military force to hunt down Ugandan warlord Joseph Kony, believed to be in the Central African Republic. [115], The transitional council, composed of 105 members, met for the first time on 13 April 2013 and immediately elected Djotodia as interim President; there were no other candidates. ... A UN report finds evidence of increasing violence in the Central African Republic. In October 2016, France announced that it was ending its peacekeeping mission in the country, Operation Sangaris and largely withdrew its troops, saying that the operation was a success. [198] The international press freedom organization Reporters Without Borders said it was concerned that the rebel attacks were taking their toll on the ability of radio stations to operate in the CAR,[199] with condemnation of the killing of journalist Elisabeth Blanche Olofio,[200][201][202] who worked for Radio Bé-Oko which is part of a network of apolitical radio stations known as L'Association des Radios Communautaires de Centrafrique. [48], In August 2012 a peace agreement was signed between the government and the CPJP. 2006 December - French fighter jets fire on rebel positions as part of support for government troops trying to regain control of areas in the northeast. [164], Tensions erupted in competition between Ex-Seleka militias arising over control of a goldmine in November 2016, where MPC[157] and the FPRC coalition which incorporated elements of their former enemy, the Anti-balaka,[155] attacked UPC. (December 2012–March 2013) December. 2010 October - Four countries affected by LRA violence agree to form joint military force to pursue the rebels. .css-1hlxxic-PromoLink:link{color:inherit;}.css-1hlxxic-PromoLink:visited{color:#696969;}.css-1hlxxic-PromoLink:link,.css-1hlxxic-PromoLink:visited{-webkit-text-decoration:none;text-decoration:none;}.css-1hlxxic-PromoLink:link:hover,.css-1hlxxic-PromoLink:visited:hover,.css-1hlxxic-PromoLink:link:focus,.css-1hlxxic-PromoLink:visited:focus{color:#B80000;-webkit-text-decoration:underline;text-decoration:underline;}.css-1hlxxic-PromoLink:link::after,.css-1hlxxic-PromoLink:visited::after{content:'';position:absolute;top:0;right:0;bottom:0;left:0;z-index:2;}Brexit trade talks to enter 'extra mile'. [74], Government soldiers launched a counterattack against rebel forces in Bambari on 28 December, leading to heavy clashes, according to a government official. Central African Republic. Later, both a rebel leader and a military source confirmed the military attack was repelled and the town remained under rebel control. 2013 October - UN Security Council approves the deployment of a UN peacekeeping force. [81], On 11 January 2013, a ceasefire agreement was signed in Libreville, Gabon. 2001 November - Clashes as troops try to arrest sacked army chief of staff General Francois Bozize, accused of involvement in May's coup attempt. France says Central African Republic on verge of genocide BY JOHN IRISH PARIS Thu Nov 21, 2013 1:48pm EST (Reuters) - France said on Thursday that Central African Republic was "on the verge of genocide" and it expected the United Nations to give Paris and the African Union permission to intervene. 2010 July - Rebels attack northern town of Birao. The French military contingent rose to 400 with the deployment of 150 additional paratroopers sent from Gabon to Bangui M'Poko International Airport. Public timelines; Search; Sign in; Sign up; Central African Republic Conflict Timeline created by Cars6278. Central African Republic - timeline. VideoHow does the US electoral college work? 2004 December - New constitution approved in referendum. With rebels closing in on the capital Bangui, a total of 360 soldiers were sent to boost the defenses of Damara – Angola, Democratic Republic of the Congo, 120 each from Gabon, Republic of the Congo and Cameroon, with a Gabonese general in command of the force. Eu-Commissioned research reveals how Seleka fighters were illegally supplied with guns made in China and.! Uk and EU agreed to keep the peace among rival militias how does the US Congress unanimously recognizes the Dream. Appears in a Bangui court to answer charges related to the country to troops... July - several aid agencies withdraw because of the vote be held on 25 April ; opposition rejects,! 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